ERIC Number: ED387348
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Change in Mathematics Proficiency for Male and Female Students from 8th to 12th Grade: A Study Based on a National Longitudinal Sample.
Gender differences in mathematics proficiency have received considerable attention. This study explored some potential gender differences in mathematics achievement using data from the 1988 National Education Longitudinal Study. Obvious gender differences in mathematics proficiency did not seem to exist when comparisons were made on central tendency measures. When the high ends of the math score distributions were examined, meaningful gender difference favoring male students emerged. These gender differences increased from the 8th to the 12th grade, and became more prominent as more extreme score ranges were examined. It is argued that the observed gender differences within the extreme score ranges are practically meaningful, since these students are very likely to be those who will consider going into areas such as science, mathematics, or engineering. Significant gender differences within these high math score ranges are likely to be one reason for the gender imbalance in the inflow of new students choosing these areas as careers. Contains 20 references. (MKR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).