ERIC Number: ED387291
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
American Indians in Higher Education.
O'Brien, Eileen M.
Research Briefs, v3 n3 1992
This brief draws on data from the 1980 and 1990 censuses and other sources to profile American Indian demographic trends and educational experiences. Highlights for 1988-90 include the following: (1) the American Indian population reached 1.9 million in 1990, up 38 percent from 1980; (2) the high school dropout rate for American Indians was 35.5 percent, compared to 28.8 percent for all students; (3) 103,000 American Indian students enrolled in higher education, up 11 percent in 2 years; (4) 9 percent of American Indian adults had completed 4 years of college, compared to 20 percent of the total population; (5) over half of American Indian college students were enrolled in 2-year colleges, and almost 75 percent were enrolled in 79 institutions; (6) over half of American Indian college students dropped out during their first year; and (7) American Indians earned less than 1 percent of all degrees awarded and comprised less than 1 percent of all full-time higher education employees. Summaries of the available data are presented for the following areas: (1) demographic trends (population growth and concentration, age, and educational attainment); (2) precollege indicators (elementary and secondary enrollments, at-risk characteristics, public high school graduates, eighth-graders' plans for postsecondary education, and SAT and ACT scores); (3) postsecondary enrollment; (4) financial aid for undergraduate and graduate students; (5) degrees conferred (overall and broken down by type); (6) demographic profile of American Indian doctorates; (7) employment as higher education faculty and administrators; and (8) tribally controlled community colleges. Contains 29 references, 7 tables and figures, and 10 resources for further information. (SV)
Descriptors: Alaska Natives, American Indian Education, American Indians, College Faculty, College Graduates, College Students, Community Colleges, Degrees (Academic), Demography, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Student Financial Aid, Tribally Controlled Education
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Div. of Policy Analysis and Research.