ERIC Number: ED386900
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jun-6
Toy Play in Infancy and Early Childhood: Normal Development and Special Considerations for Children with Disabilities.
This paper presents a review of the literature on toy play in infancy and early childhood, with an emphasis on both normal development and special considerations for young children with disabilities. Specifically, it describes children's encounters with toys within a developmental framework, identifies characteristics of the child and aspects of the environment that influence toy preferences and the way in which children play with toys, and outlines a set of guidelines for the selection of appropriate toys including suggestions for adapting toy play for young children with special needs. Cognitive and social play categories are reviewed for infancy and the preschool period. Children's toy preferences are considered in terms of age, gender, socioeconomic status, and ability level. Environmental and contextual variables considered include the way the environment is arranged; the quantity, variety, and complexity of toys; the presence of peers and adults; the curriculum; and television. Several typologies for classifying toys are considered. Features that parents consider important in selecting toys are listed and discussed. Six guidelines are then offered, such as: consider the child's toy preferences and individual characteristics; identify individual or program goals associated with toy play; and adapt toys and the play environment to meet the needs of the child with special needs. (Contains 86 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Parents; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: In: Research Synthesis on Early Intervention Practices. Technical Report No. 11; see EC 304 248.