ERIC Number: ED386855
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Mar-11
Research Synthesis on Quality and Availability of Assistive Technology Devices. Technical Report No. 7.
This report presents a synthesis of information about assistive technology (AT) characteristics, for the purpose of identifying design characteristics that contribute to the quality of AT devices used by school children with disabilities. The first section provides a brief overview of AT, including a definition. The second section describes educational goals for using AT and barriers that inhibit the use of AT, such as lack of awareness of AT, lack of training, and insufficient funding. The third section presents information on the most popular AT devices organized into groups based on their level of technology. Several databases which can provide more information are identified. The fourth section focuses on the area of augmentative communication as an example of assessing the need for AT. The fifth section synthesizes information about effective characteristics of AT devices and describes the limitations of the synthesis. An extensive table allows comparison of conclusions of 32 evaluative studies. The last section presents recommendations and guidelines to help consumers select quality AT and to help developers design quality AT for school children. An appendix offers definitions of design characteristics. (Contains 49 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Assistive Devices (for Disabled), Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Design Requirements, Disabilities, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Equipment Evaluation, Equipment Utilization, Evaluation Criteria, Needs Assessment, Student Educational Objectives, Technological Advancement
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Coll. of Education.; National Center To Improve the Tools of Educators, Eugene, OR.
Note: For separate executive summary, see EC 304 245.