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ERIC Number: ED386625
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Relationship between Parenting Style and Maternal Employment in Families with Preschoolers.
Gustafson, Rebecca; And Others
Research has suggested that parenting practices have an influence on children's subsequent adjustment. It was hypothesized that maternal employment would be associated with both maternal and paternal parenting style, and that family SES would mediate these effects. A sample of 94 families (from the Philadelphia region) with children under the age of 5 years was assessed. Families were divided into three groups on the basis of maternal employment (full-time, part-time, and no outside employment). A median-split was performed to divide the sample of families into high and low SES subgroups. No significant correlation between SES and parenting style was found. Few differences between families with unemployed, part-time employed, and full-time employed mothers were found. However, on the summary parenting styles measure, families of part-time employed mothers were found to be significantly more reliant on verbal forms of discipline and more apt to ignore preschoolers' misbehavior than were families of full-time employed mothers. Mothers and fathers from families of full-time employed mothers were significantly more likely to share parenting responsibilities but not more likely to share household responsibilities. Families with part-time employed mothers were notably more likely to share dinnertime with their families than were families with either unemployed or full-time employed mothers. (Author/JBJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A