ERIC Number: ED386582
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
How Can We Adapt the Positive Experiences of School-to-Work Programs, Especially Work-Based Learning, to JTPA Programs?
Several decades of studies evaluating youth employment programs funded through the nation's second-chance system have demonstrated the shortcomings of programs that concentrate on work experience alone and try to reverse years of inadequate education, discrimination, and alienation in a few weeks or months. The School-to-Work Opportunities Act identifies a comprehensive, multiyear, youth-focused, community operated, state-organized, and federally supported model linking school-based, work-based, and "connecting" activities to a range of postsecondary education and training opportunities. The model and the school-to-work programs based on it contain important lessons on providing high quality on-the-job learning that can benefit planners/providers of Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) programs. JTPA programs are facing the challenges posed by moving from funding of separate programs, which allows some coordination, to a specific emphasis on being part of a unified, multiyear youth development system serving a variety needs. At the level of JTPA program operations, work-based learning should include the following elements: integrated of academic and occupational training; broad, transferrable skills development; adolescent development focus; preparation of adult participants; program management; and linkage into a comprehensive youth development system. (Appended are lists of 10 elements of quality work-based learning and 9 technical and social competencies identified as learning objectives for youth apprenticeship.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adult Education, Apprenticeships, Change Strategies, Competence, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Educational Legislation, Educational Needs, Employment Qualifications, Federal Legislation, Job Training, Models, Noncollege Bound Students, Program Design, Secondary Education, Systems Approach, Work Experience Programs, Youth Employment, Youth Programs
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Youth Employment Coalition, Washington, DC.; Department of Labor, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982; School to Work Opportunities Act 1994