ERIC Number: ED386509
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-May
Reference Count: N/A
Child Care. Working Poor and Welfare Recipients Face Service Gaps. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
The General Accounting Office was asked by the House Committee on Education and Labor to review state implementation of the Child Care and Development Block Grant to determine the problems states encounter as they integrate the block grant and the other federal child care programs for low-income families into their child care delivery programs and to identify gaps in the delivery of child care services to the low-income population. Review of federal program reports, interviews with administrators at the federal and state levels as well as with child care program operators and child care advocates, and site visits in six states indicated that states are making progress toward integrating the child care programs into seamless systems, but different federal program requirements and resource constraints produce gaps that are found in: (1) categories of clients who can be served; (2) limits on the types of employment-related activities clients can undertake without losing eligibility; (3) limits on the amount of income clients can earn; and (4) limits on the time in which they can receive subsidies. The current fragmented system does not consistently meet the needs of the low-income population attempting to become self-sufficient. The categorical nature of the funding streams, with entitlements to some client categories, time limits, mothers, and activity limits on still others, has the unintended consequence of producing gaps in services. A major contributor is differences in federal programs and the resulting rules that create gaps in services at the state level. As a result, states may not be able to provide child care services to their low-income clients in ways that promote and support self-sufficiency. One table and one figure provide study data. Two appendices contain characteristics of the sample states and major contributors to the report. (SLD)
Descriptors: Block Grants, Day Care, Delivery Systems, Economically Disadvantaged, Eligibility, Federal Government, Government Role, Integrated Activities, Low Income Groups, Poverty, State Programs, Urban Areas, Urban Problems, Welfare Agencies, Welfare Recipients, Working Poor
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy, free; additional copies, $2 each, orders for 100 or more copies to be mailed to a single address are discounted 25%; orders should be accompanied by a check or money order made out to the Superintendent of Documents).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children