ERIC Number: ED385972
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Psychosocial Aspects of Cleft Lip and Palate: Implications for Parental Education. Research Report 138.
This study focused on the psychosocial aspects of cleft lip and/or palate on maternal emotional reactions and the family, with emphasis on the effect on the maternal-infant bond. Interviews were conducted with 40 mothers of 1-year-old infants with non-syndromic cleft lip and/or palate. The interviews were analyzed using the phenomenological method, which is explained. The focus was the unique interpretation of the mothers' experiences. The main result was that a defect that interfered with feeding disturbed the early maternal-infant bonding process more than a defect that only interfered with the child's appearance. Additional findings include: the birth of a child with a cleft is considered a shock by most mothers; the most severe problem has been the feeding problem; surgery, even if desired, is considered as a shock by most of the mothers; feelings of depression, fear, or bitterness are common among mothers of infants with a cleft; and the information that the mothers received at the hospital when the baby was born was inadequate. Descriptions are included for three cases involving different types of cleft: cleft palate, cleft lip, and cleft lip and palate. Implications for parent education are discussed, such as the importance of providing parental support to facilitate successful parenting, parents' need for information, and the importance of contact and a sense of community. (Contains 209 references.) (SW)
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Attachment Behavior, Cleft Palate, Emotional Development, Emotional Response, Foreign Countries, Infants, Interviews, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
Department of Teacher Education, P.O. Box 38 (Ratakatu 6A), FIN-00014, University of Helsinki, Finland.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Helsinki Univ., (Finland). Dept. of Teacher Education.
Identifiers - Location: Finland