ERIC Number: ED385801
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-May
Transracial Adoption: Factors Promoting Racial Identity and Self-Esteem.
Transracial adoptions continue to occur in the United States, despite a long-running debate over the effects on the self-esteem and racial identity of adoptees. It is important for counselors to understand the needs of transracial adoptees in order to support such individuals in the process of identity development. A review of the literature was conducted to determine factors fostering healthy racial identity and self-esteem in transracial adoptees. The results of the review showed that the factors that tend to promote racial identity and self-esteem in adoptees include: living in a multiethnic community, attending desegregated schools, having adoptive parents with a strong acceptance of the child's ethnic heritage, and regular exposure to individuals sharing the child's ethnic background. Research shows that transracial adoptions can be successful in meeting the needs of transracial adoptees if the right conditions are present. Most available research on transracial adoption has been conducted in metropolitan areas. The status of transracial adoptions in primarily rural, white communities is still unknown and needs to be addressed before formal recommendations are proposed and implemented. (Author/KW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A