ERIC Number: ED385788
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Education for Conflict Resolution.
Hamburg, David A.
The human species seems to have a virtuoso capacity for making harsh distinctions between groups and for justifying violence on whatever scale the technology of the time permits. This essay explores the possibilities associated with using education as a means to avoiding conflicts or resolving them peacefully. Focus is placed on teaching humans to have more constructive orientations towards those outside their group, while maintaining the values of group allegiance and identity. The essay is concerned particularly with childhood and adolescent development and the factors that affect this development. Solutions presented for aiding in education for conflict resolution include: (1) fostering prosocial behavior in early life; (2) empathy training; (3) a framework for conflict resolution in the schools; (4) cooperative learning; (5) learning life skills in early adolescents; and (6) violence prevention training. The paper also explores the role of the international community as well as that of the media in conflict resolution. Lessons to be learned from decent human relations are that each party needs a basis for self-respect, dependability of communication, recognition of some shared interest, civil discourse, earning the respect of the other, boundaries for competition and disagreement, and considering the balance between self-interest and the interests of others. (SR)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Note: Reprinted from the 1994 Annual Report.