ERIC Number: ED385553
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Educational Effectiveness of Sesame Street: A Review of the First Twenty Years of Research, 1969-1989.
Murphy, Richard T.
Research studies that have focused on the educational effectiveness of "Sesame Street" are reviewed, and a summary and synthesis of research results are presented. Educational effectiveness is defined as effectiveness in areas related to beginning schooling and the early years of the child's formal education. From the more than 100 empirical studies of the impact of "Sesame Street," 16 were chosen because they collected data on individual children. On the whole, the studies with the strongest designs indicate that "Sesame Street" had a significant positive impact on the children in terms of the variables measured and relative to the children in other groups studied. In addition, the effect was large enough to have shown up in studies with very small samples. The research studies reviewed in this report indicate that "Sesame Street" has had a significant positive impact on the pre-reading and school-readiness skills of children in the United States, Australia, Canada, Israel, and Mexico. An appendix contains summaries of all 16 studies. (Contains 35 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Childrens Television, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Educational Research, Educational Television, Foreign Countries, Instructional Effectiveness, Literature Reviews, Mass Media Effects, Preschool Education, Reading Readiness, Research Design, Research Methodology, School Readiness, Synthesis
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Canada; Israel; Mexico