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ERIC Number: ED385526
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Relationships between Teachers' Images of School and Students' Perceptions of Classroom Environment.
Grady, Neville B.; And Others
This study explored how elementary school teachers' mental images of their schools, as revealed by metaphor, were related in systematic ways to the perceptions their students had of the classroom psychosocial environment. The data were gathered during 1992 from 1,923 students and their teachers in 162 classes in grades 5-8 in Tasmania, Australia. The schools were in rural and urban locations; the teachers were 31 percent male and 69 percent female; students were 40 percent male and 60 percent female. Teachers' images of their school were assessed through the administration of a questionnaire, developed for the study, called "Images of Schools through Metaphor" (ISM), asking teachers to indicate the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with each of 26 metaphors (e.g., "my school is a mental straight jacket" or "my school is an orchestra"). Respondents were also invited to add other metaphors (less than 10 percent did). Students' perceptions of the psychosocial environment of their classroom were assessed through administration of a questionnaire. Results of examination of both sets of data found that nearly every metaphor was associated with at least one classroom environment scale. For, instance "School as Family" and "School As Olympic Games" were associated with cohesiveness, satisfaction, and democracy in a positive direction and with speed or difficulty in a negative direction. School leaders ought to consider it important to inquire into the nature of the images their teachers have of their schools and to contemplate ways of building or strengthening particular images in them. (Contains 50 references.) (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia