ERIC Number: ED385197
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar-4
Setting the Process Aim in a Gender Salary Discrimination Study: A Statistical Process Control Approach.
Fraas, John W.
This paper presents a procedure by which institutional researchers can determine whether gender-salary discrimination exists at an institution of higher education. The procedure utilizes a statistical quality control tool, which is referred to as setting the process aim. This procedure is based on the premise that salaries are determined by a salary system. Since the values produced by any system will exhibit some variation, the value used to measure the difference between the salaries of the female and male faculty, which is generated by multiple regression analysis of the salary data, will vary from year to year. In order for institutional researchers to determine if the salary system has led to gender-salary discrimination, the noise of the system must be separated from a gender salary discrimination signal. Applying the process aim setting technique to the values obtained from the multiple regression analyses of multi-year data will enable researchers to separate a gender salary discrimination signal from the normal variation in those values. A demonstration of this technique, using hypothetical salary data, is included. (Contains 17 references.) (Author/MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Eastern Educational Research Association (Hilton Head, SC, March 1-4, 1995).