ERIC Number: ED385109
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
A Descriptive Study of Play by Deaf and Hearing Infants. Final Report.
Spencer, Patricia Elizabeth; And Others
Play behaviors of infants who had normal hearing or were deaf were observed during free play with their mothers, at ages 9, 12, and 18 months. Participants included 15 dyads of children who were deaf and mothers who were not, 15 dyads of children and mothers who were both deaf, and 15 dyads of children and mothers who both had normal hearing. Children with normal hearing displayed more representational play at 12 months than did either group of children with deafness. Equal amounts of symbolic play at 18 months were displayed by the dyads of children/mothers who were both deaf and children/mothers who both had normal hearing. Deaf children whose mothers could hear lagged behind the other two groups on production of higher-level play at 18 months. Individual differences in 18-month production of representational and symbolic play were largely explained by characteristics of mother's behaviors during earlier interactions with the child. Child level of expressive language was associated with the amount of higher level play demonstrated at 18 months. It is concluded that child play during interaction with mother reflects influences from both the social environment and from child cognitive-symbolic abilities. (Contains 96 references.) (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Gallaudet Research Inst., Washington, DC.