ERIC Number: ED385042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
The Evaluation of Inclusive Education Programs.
Lipsky, Dorothy Kerzner; Gartner, Alan
NCERI Bulletin, v2 n2 Spr 1995
This bulletin summarizes research on the benefits of inclusive education programs; provides data on the current status of special education; and considers studies of individual inclusion programs, state and district studies, and the effects of inclusion on students without disabilities. The research and evaluation data on inclusion indicate a strong trend toward improved student outcomes (academic, behavior, and social) for both special education and general education students. It is suggested that the drive for upgrading standards and the inclusion of all students in these reforms has created tension for educators. A point of congruence between the school effectiveness efforts and those promoting inclusion is that a new approach must become part of a restructured educational system. Districts conducting successful restructuring programs that include all students have identified the following key factors: visionary leadership; collaboration; refocused use of assessment; supports for staff and students; funding that is sufficient and "follows the student," and effective parent and family involvement. (Contains 57 references.) (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Disabilities, Educational Improvement, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Inclusive Schools, Mainstreaming, Outcomes of Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, School Effectiveness, Social Integration, Special Education, Student Behavior
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. National Center on Educational Restructuring and Inclusion.