ERIC Number: ED384987
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Violence Prevention in the Middle Level Curriculum: Student Characteristics and Acquisition of Knowledge about Violence.
Enger, John M.; And Others
This paper presents findings of a study that examined the effects of a violence-prevention program on students' acquisition of knowledge about violence. The violence-prevention program, an adaptation of the Prothrow-Stith (1987) curriculum model, was implemented in seventh-grade health-education classes in a rural Mississippi River-delta community. Instead of working only with at-risk students, all students received instruction in violence prevention and conflict resolution. In a random, two group pre-test/post-test design, six seventh-grade health-education classes (N=130) were divided into three classes serving as the experimental group (N=64) and three classes serving as the control group (N=66). Students in the experimental group showed a significant gain in test performance, averaging an increase of 7 correctly answered questions on the 40-item test. Experimental-group students answered significantly more items than did control-group students in the areas of violence in society, homicide, risk factors, anger, the expression of anger, fighting, what leads to a fight, and alternatives to fighting. Gains in test scores were positively correlated with students' socioeconomic status, GPA, and SAT composite scores. Gains in test scores were negatively correlated with the number of disciplinary referrals. Four tables are included. (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).