ERIC Number: ED384940
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-May
Television Viewing and Mathematics Achievement.
A study examined the correlation between mathematics achievement and television viewing, and explored the underlying processes. Data were gathered from 13,542 high school seniors from the first wave of the High School and Beyond project, conducted by the National Opinion Research Center on behalf of the National Center for Education Statistics. A neural network was used for the analysis. Unlike methods employed in prior studies, with no a priori assumptions about the underlying model or the distributions of the data, the neural network yields a correlation impervious to errors or inaccuracies arising from possibly violated assumptions. Results indicated a curvilinear relationship, independent of viewer characteristics, parental background, parental involvement, and leisure activities, with a maximum at about one hour of viewing, and persistent upon the inclusion of statistical errors. The choice of mathematics performance as the measure of achievement elevated the found curvilinearity to a content-independent status, because of the lack of television programs dealing with high school senior mathematics. Results also indicated that the curvilinearity was replaced with entirely positive correlation across all hours of television viewing for lower ability students. A host of intervening variables, and their contributions to the process were examined. Finding suggest that the process, and especially the component with a positive correlation, involved only cortical stimulations brought about by the formal features of television programs. (Contains 37 references, 1 table, and 6 figures of data. An appendix compares neural networks and some conventional methods.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A