ERIC Number: ED384732
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
An Evaluation of the Relationship between Supervisory Techniques and Organizational Outcomes among the Supervisors in the Agricultural Extension Service in the Eastern Region Districts of Uganda. Summary of Research 81.
Padde, Paul; And Others
A descriptive study examined the relationship between supervisory techniques and organizational outcomes among supervisors in the agricultural extension service in eight districts in eastern Uganda. Self-rating and rater forms of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire were sent to 220 extension agents, 8 field supervisors, and 8 deputy field supervisors. Questionnaires were completed by 164 agents and all 8 district supervisors. A wide discrepancy appeared between the supervisors' and deputy supervisors' self-ratings and the extension agents' ratings of the supervisors' leadership. The supervisors tended to give themselves higher ratings than the extension agents gave them. The extension agents perceived their supervisors' use of transformational leadership as rudimentary. The supervisors used management by exception and laissez faire to a greater extent than they thought. Female supervisors excelled in the practice of transformational leadership, whereas male supervisors tended to be more transactional. The charismatic, intellectually stimulating, and inspiring leadership style gave rise to superior organizational outcomes. Among the 17 study recommendations were the following: Uganda's new and existing extension agents and supervisors should receive inservice training in leadership techniques; supervisors should be encouraged to hold frequent meetings with subordinates; and more regular internal transfers of supervisors should be encouraged. (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Agricultural Education, Demography, Employee Attitudes, Employer Attitudes, Employer Employee Relationship, Extension Agents, Extension Education, Foreign Countries, Individual Characteristics, Leadership, Leadership Styles, Organizational Effectiveness, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Sex Differences, Supervisory Methods
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Dept. of Agricultural Education.
Identifiers - Location: Uganda