ERIC Number: ED384712
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Force-Field Analysis: Incorporating Critical Thinking in Goal Setting.
Hustedde, Ron; Score, Michael
CD Practice, n4 1995
Force field analysis encourages members to examine the probability of reaching agreed-upon goals. It can help groups avoid working toward goals that are unlikely to be reached. In every situation are three forces: forces that encourage maintenance of the status quo or change; driving or helping forces that push toward change; and restraining forces that resist change. In conducting a force field analysis, the discussion leader asks two questions: What forces will help achieve the goal or objective? and What forces will hinder? All ideas are listed. The facilitator asks the group to select two or three important restraining and driving forces that they might be able to alter. Participants are asked to suggest specifically what might be done to change them. Responses are written down. After examining the driving and restraining forces, the group considers the balance between driving and restraining forces. If the group believes forces can be affected enough to create momentum toward the goal, it can realistically pursue the goal. If not, the group may decide to alter the goal or to drop it and pursue others. Three suggestions for using this procedure are as follows: force field analysis should take place in smaller groups of 20 or less; the discussion leader should behave as a neutral facilitator; and participants are encouraged to correct statements. Potential benefits include the following: better designed goals that reflect diverse and critical thinking, better understanding of goal opposition and support, and minimized confrontation and friction. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Community Action, Community Involvement, Force Field Analysis, Goal Orientation, Group Discussion, Group Dynamics, Problem Solving
CDS, 1123 N. Water St., Milwaukee, WI 53202.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Community Development Society.