ERIC Number: ED384521
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
Tutoring Techniques in Algebra. A Rand Note.
McArthur, David; And Others
Although one-to-one tutoring has often been regarded as the most effective method of teaching, surprisingly little is understood about tutoring expertise. This paper describes initial attempts to study one-to-one tutoring. The goal of the research was to construct a detailed cognitive model of the reasoning and knowledge of an expert human tutor. The method employed was a variant of knowledge engineering. Tutoring sessions with expert teachers (n=3) and high school students were videotaped and subjected to a detailed analysis aimed at abstracting the tutor's knowledge structures. Some important tutoring techniques that were isolated using these methods are described. Also discussed are several dimensions along which tutors appear to be intelligent planners and problem solvers. Finally, several implications are noted, including potential impact on the construction of intelligent computer-based tutoring systems. (Contains 46 references.) (Author/MKR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.