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ERIC Number: ED384230
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Pages: 201
Abstractor: N/A
The Effect of a Physician's Pronunciation on Nurses' Perceptions of the Physician's Medical Competency.
Horani, Laura Anne
A study examined the attitudes of nurses in three hospitals toward non-native-English-speaking physicians. The subjects, 156 medical-surgical nurses, listened to three anonymous audiotaped physicians from different ethnic backgrounds: American, Japanese, and Persian. The physicians were recorded in two contexts: in a formal context, reading a short patient history and giving a verbal order directed toward a nurse; and giving an impromptu response to a question regarding their future plans. Nurses rated each physician for each context, using a semantic differential scale. Results indicate a significant positive relationship between physician pronunciation and nurse perceptions of his medical competence, with the native-English-speaking physician receiving the highest rating. The physician with the strongest accent, the native Japanese-speaker, received the lowest ratings. There was also a significant positive relationship between context of speech and ratings; all physicians received a higher rating on speech in the informal context. It is concluded that if a physician's pronunciation or speech style causes nurses to evaluate him negatively, there is need for pronunciation and accent reduction instruction both in the English-as-a-Second-Language classroom and in continuing language instruction for non-native-speaking hospital personnel in teaching hospitals, and for cross-cultural training for nurses. Contains over 100 references and the survey instrument. (MSE)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Master's Thesis, Portland State University, Oregon.