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ERIC Number: ED384210
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Whole Language and the ESL/EFL Classroom.
Lems, Kristin
The Whole Language (WL) approach is sweeping across classrooms in the United States, bringing with it motivating and innovative ways to teach language arts skills to primary school children. With its emphasis on individual discovery, language as a social activity, and diverse "literacy events," the approach employs many techniques that are used in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) and English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) classrooms every day without being called "whole language" activities, while also introducing some less familiar activities of value. In this paper, an explanation is given of the basic principles and practices of the WL approach. It also explores some possible applications of whole language practices to ESL and EFL classrooms, and shares a sampling of some whole language activities that have been successfully transplanted to the ESL classroom. Topics covered include the natural approach, integration of language arts, decoding strategies, immersion in literacy events, reading materials, classroom activities, individual learning styles, collaborative learning, student role, teacher role, assessment and adult education. (Contains 14 references.) (Author/CK)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A