ERIC Number: ED384125
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
School Safety: Promising Initiatives for Addressing School Violence. Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Children and Families, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
This report presents findings of a study, conducted by the United States General Accounting Office (GAO), that investigated programs used by schools to curb violence. Specifically, the study examined four promising school-based violence-prevention programs. Data were obtained from: (1) interviews with violence-prevention program directors, federal agency officials, and experts on school violence; (2) visits to the four school sites; and (3) a review of the four programs' evaluation data. The programs included Anaheim, California's School Management and Resource Teams (SMART) program; Dayton, Ohio's Positive Adolescents Choices Training (PACT) program; New York, New York's Resolving Conflict Creatively (RCCP) program; and Paramount, California's Alternatives to Gang Membership (ATGM) program. The programs reported changes in participants' attitudes toward violence and gang membership, less disruptive behavior, and less contact with the criminal justice system. The study also identified seven characteristics of promising school-based violence-prevention programs: a comprehensive approach, an early start and long-term commitment, strong leadership and disciplinary policies, staff development, parental involvement, interagency partnerships and community linkages, and a culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate approach. The study also identifies 26 federally sponsored evaluations of violence-prevention programs operating in schools. Appendices contain a summary and profile of school-district responses to violence, a list of federally sponsored evaluations, notes on the research scope and methodology, and lists of GAO contacts and acknowledgments. Two tables and one figure are included. (LMI)
Descriptors: Conflict Resolution, Discipline Policy, Discipline Problems, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Juvenile Gangs, Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, School Safety, School Security, Violence
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; $2 each additional copy; 100 or more copies discounted 25%).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.