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ERIC Number: ED384025
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Automatic and Strategic Aspects of Inference Processing during Comprehension: The Case of Predictable Consequences of Events and Actions.
Aguilar, Nathalie; And Others
A study investigated whether readers infer automatically highly likely consequences of a state modification, intentional (action) or non intentional (event), described in short texts. Subjects, 48 psychology undergraduates at Paris VIII University (France), read explicit, predictable, or control forms of short passages using a Rapid Serial Visual Presentation procedure, after which they answered a question about the sentence and made a lexical decision. The lexical decision task used two SOAs (Stimulus Onset Asynchrony): 400 ms and 800 ms. Results indicated that: (1) accuracy on the comprehension questions was 95% overall and did not vary as a function of condition; (2) the explicit condition produced a faster response than the predictive condition that, in turn, produced faster responses than the control condition; (3) the long SOA produced faster responses than the short SOA; (4) causal inference began to decline with a SOA equal to 800 ms; and (5) the decision latencies of inferences expressed by an action were significantly faster than the decision latencies of inferences expressed by an event. Findings suggest that inference about the likely consequences of events and actions are drawn while reading. (Contains 13 references. Appendixes present examples of sentences and final activation values of the propositions of the text base of the three forms of one of the passages.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A