ERIC Number: ED383748
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Methods for Investigating the Structure of the Individual's Knowledge Base.
Dochy, F. J. R. C.; Gorissen, V. M. J.
This report described and analyzed different methods for constructing a student's cognitive map in order to study the development and use of domain-specific prior knowledge. Cognitive maps provide accounts of student trajectories over courses and individual or group profiles of learners' strengths and weaknesses at the course or multicourse level. Methods are grouped into: (1) clinical interviews with individual students; (2) word-association or word-sorting tasks (including free recall); (3) writing methods (e.g., writing definitions or choosing preferred statements); (4) bipolar dimension tasks; and (5) think-aloud methods, such as verbal protocols. The free recall (word association) method is considered most appropriate for the planned research. Two figures illustrate the concepts discussed. (Contains 32 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Associative Learning, Cognitive Mapping, Distance Education, Foreign Countries, Interviews, Knowledge Level, Protocol Analysis, Recall (Psychology), Research Methodology, Writing (Composition)
Open University, Centre for Educational Technology and Innovation, P.O. Box 2960, 6401 DL Heerlen, The Netherlands (20 Dutch guilders).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Open Univ., Heerlen (Netherlands). Centre for Educational Technological Innovation.