ERIC Number: ED383325
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Tracking Teachers' Personal Variables and Computer Use: Phase Two.
Marcinkiewicz, Henryk R.; Wittman, Timothy K.
A longitudinal study of teachers' computer use and personal variables which might predict that use was performed. The study was begun with questionnaires administered to 167 preservice undergraduate elementary education majors during their final year of study, and was repeated 3 years later after the 100 participants had graduated and had worked as teachers professionally for one year. For the first phase, participants were asked to respond to the questionnaires based on their expectations, while during the second phase they responded based on experience. The criterion variable measured was level of computer use. Personal variables included innovativeness; self-competence in using computers for teaching; perceived relevance of computer use in teaching; and teacher locus of control. The following results were discovered: (1) phase 1 analysis revealed 97% expected to use computers in teaching and only 2.7% did not expect to use computers at all; (2) phase 2 revealed 61% actually used computers and 39% did not use them at all for teaching; (3) Self-competence and perceived relevance predicted computer use in the first phase, but not in the second; (4) the correlation between perceived relevance and self-competence nearly doubled between phases; (5) locus of control from the first phase predicted computer use in the second; and (6) phase 2 actual computer use data were lower than Phase 1 expectations, but were somewhat better than that of an unrelated group of practicing teachers. (Contains nine references.) (MAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of the 1995 Annual National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), (17th, Anaheim, CA, 1995); see IR 017 139.