ERIC Number: ED383188
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Language Learning, Literacy, and Cultural Background: Second Language Acquisition in a Mainstreamed Classroom.
Ravetta, Marcia Kent; Brunn, Michael
This study presents direct observation of a 7-year-old, native Spanish-speaking female learning English in a mainstreamed first and second split classroom. Subject is described in the school setting, and it is shown how she worked, what she did during the mornings, how she responded to commands and directions, and how and with whom she communicated and socialized. The premise was that the subject's use of language with other Spanish-speaking children influenced her learning and that she relied on and used different techniques, such as code-switching, to communicate and make herself understood. Findings illustrate how the subject learned a second language as a secondary action while engaged in primary classroom learning activities other than formal language instruction. It was found that the degree of proficiency that the subject reached correlated with the English language that was used exclusively at the school setting and was mainly context specific; the help and assistance of a close friend; and the one-on-one assistance received for half an hour every day to help her develop her language skills. Socialization played a major role in the acquisition of the second language. (Contains 27 references.) (NAV)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).