ERIC Number: ED383147
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Building Inclusive Schools: Places Where All Children Can Learn. Occasional Paper Series: Volume IX, Number 2.
Rallis, Sharon F.; Anderson, Gretchen
This discussion of inclusive education notes current controversies and proposes that inclusion, as it is currently conceived, has too narrow a focus and should be extended to cover, not just students with disabilities, but all children because all children have unique needs. After an introductory section, the paper identifies such problems with implementing inclusion as distortion of models and inclusion's origins in the field of special education. Basic principles that underlie a culture of inclusion and a definition of learning are offered in a discussion of characteristics of a transforming school. Examples of truly inclusive school practices are offered, such as a changed relationship between student and teacher, alternative groupings of students, and cooperation between school and community. Finally, inclusion is seen as a hope for the future in its valuing of diversity. (DB)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Disabilities, Educational Philosophy, Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Inclusive Schools, Individual Differences, Mainstreaming, Special Needs Students, Student Needs
The Regional Laboratory for Educational Improvement of the Northeast and Islands, 300 Brickstone Square, Suite 950, Andover, MA 01810 ($4, $2.50 postage & handling; Order #9417).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Regional Laboratory for Educational Improvement of the Northeast & Islands, Andover, MA.
Note: Reprinted from "Inclusion: Buzzword or Hope for the Future?" 1994 monograph of the New York State Council of Educational Associations.