ERIC Number: ED383140
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Nov-9
Parental Characteristics, Family Ecology, and the Caregiving Environment of Adolescents with Disabilities.
Bradley, Robert H.; And Others
This study examined relationships between the caregiving environment, severity of disability, and several aspects of family ecology for 102 adolescents with disabilities. Family ecology variables included poverty status, parental intelligence, social support, and marital quality. The disability categories were mental retardation; orthopedic impairment; sensory impairment; and impairments of speech, language, or learning. The level of stimulation and structure in the home environment was related to parental intelligence, marital quality, and the severity of sensory impairment. Adolescents from homes where parents had higher IQs and reported better marital quality received more stimulation and structure. Less stimulation and structure were received by adolescents with more severe sensory impairments and mental retardation. An interaction was also observed between social support and poverty status, with social support acting as a buffer against poverty and adequate family finances acting as a buffer against lack of social support. Adolescents with disabilities who came from families low in both social support and economic resources received less stimulation and support than expected. The only significant effect observed for the nurturance/support aspects of the caregiving environment was race, with African-American adolescents receiving higher scores on acceptance and responsivity compared to Caucasians. (Contains 34 references.) (SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Arkansas Univ., Little Rock. Center for Research on Teaching and Learning.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Nashville, TN, November 9-11, 1994).