ERIC Number: ED383126
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Individual Differences in Personality and Motivational Systems in Persons with Mental Retardation. Chapter 15.
Switzky, Harvey N.
This review covers the psychological literature of the last 30 years regarding the personality and motivational characteristics of individuals with mental retardation. The first section is a brief historical review and critical examination of the various conceptual models and theories regarding personality and motivational processes in persons with mental retardation. The second section primarily addresses the implications of current mainstream psychological conceptions and theories regarding personality and motivational self-system processes for persons with mental retardation, including implications for individual educational programming. The third section provides a synthesis of the first two sections and provides an agenda for future research. The following models are reviewed: the rigidity hypothesis, social learning theories, self-concept theories, anxiety theories, and effectance motivation and intrinsic motivation theories. Consideration is also given to goal setting and goal value, self-efficacy, autonomy and self-determination, and intrinsic motivation and cognitive processes. (Contains approximately 360 references.) (SW)
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Anxiety, Behavior Patterns, Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Processes, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Goal Orientation, Individual Differences, Mental Retardation, Personal Autonomy, Personality Theories, Personality Traits, Psychological Patterns, Reinforcement, Research Needs, Self Concept, Self Determination, Self Efficacy, Student Motivation
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Convention of the Council for Exceptional Children (73rd, Indianapolis, IN, April 5-9, 1995).