ERIC Number: ED383089
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Images of Schools: Structures and Roles in Organizational Behavior.
Bacharach, Samuel B., Ed.; Mundell, Bryan, Ed.
This book brings together different analytical perspectives from organizational theory and applies them to examinations of schools. The editors maintain that the current debate over school restructuring is essentially a debate over which strategy of organizing will achieve the best results. Organizational theory suggests that there are two primary mechanisms that may be used in organizing behavior: the organization as a whole, and the specific roles within the organization. Following this logic, the book is divided into two parts. Part 1 presents images of school organizations as modes of organizing behavior. Each of the four chapters presents a different answer to the question of what must be organized in schools: (1) "The Organizational Design of Schools" (Brian Rowan); (2)"Institutionalism and Strategic Decisions in Education" (Charles Taylor Kerchner and Krista D. Caufman); (3) "Against the Current: Organizational Learning in Schools" (Eric Rait); and (4) "Symbols and Symbolic Activity" (Terrence E. Deal). Part 2 examines how roles in schools can function as modes of organizing behavior. The six chapters present ideas on organizing and evaluating the role of teachers; reorganizing according to the actual work a teacher does; organizing around clear goals and the provision of adequate resources; enhancing teachers' performance by having their role organized and evaluated at least partially on student outcomes; organizing the role of the administrator to provide school leadership; and using research findings to fit a specific individual to the role of administrator. The chapters include: (5) "The Impacts of Mathematics and Computer Technology on the Core Assumptions and Practices of Teaching" (Ann Weaver Hart); (6) "Performance Management in Education" (Stephen M. Mitchell); (7) "The Assessment of Teaching Based on Evidence of Student Learning" (Gary Sykes and Jason Millman); (8) "Striking a Balance: Boundary Spanning and Environmental Management in Schools" (Ellen B. Goldring); (9) "Research on School Leadership: The State of the Art" (Lee G. Bolman and Rafael Heller); and (10) "Administrator Succession in School Organizations" (Rodney T. Ogawa). Samuel B. Bacharach and Bryan Mundell authored the introductions to parts 1 and 2 and the concluding essay in part 3, "The Implicit Action beneath Explicit Organizing Models." References accompany each chapter. (LMI)
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Elementary Secondary Education, Leadership, Organizational Effectiveness, Organizational Theories, Principals, School Organization, School Role, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Role
Corwin Press, Inc., 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320-2218 (paperback: ISBN-0-8039-6251-7, $39.95; clothbound: ISBN-0-8039-6250-9).
Publication Type: Books; Collected Works - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A