ERIC Number: ED383053
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
A Conceptual Model To Assist Educational Leaders Manage Change.
Cochren, John R.
This paper presents a conceptual model to help school leaders manage change effectively. The model was developed from a literature review of theory development and model construction. Specifically, the paper identifies the major components that inhibit organizational change, and synthesizes the most salient features of these components through a model for change management. The model is based on general systems theory to explain the interrelationships among components. The major inhibitors to effective management of change include scientific management leadership, lack of manipulation of motivators, power and politics, lack of effective staff development, and bureaucratic organizational hierarchy. Of these, effective leadership is identified as the critical component to successful change management. Contingency theory, which focuses on the interaction among the leaders' personal traits, behavior, and situational factors for effective leadership, is advocated as a useful approach for managing change. Strategies that fail to consider the needs of organizational members will not be successful in managing change. Organizational development requires a continuous system of communication and feedback among members of the organization, the external environment, and leaders. (Contains 126 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A