ERIC Number: ED383033
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Education Reform: School-Based Management Results in Changes in Instruction and Budgeting. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
This report responds to a request for information on School Based Management (SBM) from Senators Edward M. Kennedy and David Durenberger. It answers the following questions: (1) Under SBM, did administrators and teachers change their schools' instructional programs and budgets and, if so, how? (2) What were key similarities and differences in districts' approaches to SBM? (3) How were Chapter 1 programs integrated with SBM? A study of SBM initiatives was conducted in three school districts: Dade County, Florida; Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; and Prince William County, Virginia. Changes in instructional programs included adding all-day kindergarten, extended-day programs, special education and gifted-and-talented programs, and new courses. Changes in budgeting included adjustments in spending on staff, supplies, and equipment. A key similarity in districts' approaches to SBM was that it operated with other district reforms as part of a broader reform strategy. Key differences in the approaches to SBM included how the district allocated funds to its schools, and whether schools or the district developed schools' budgets. The Chapter 1 program was largely not integrated with SBM in Dade County and Prince William County. Proposed legislation to reauthorize Chapter 1 would decentralize some control over the program, moving it from districts to schools. The appendices contain objectives, scope, and methodology; results of a multivariate analysis; waivers obtained by schools; school and district staffs' remarks about SBM; and major contributors to this report. (MLF)
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Programs, Government Publications, Instructional Improvement, Instructional Systems, Multivariate Analysis, Participative Decision Making, Program Evaluation, Public Schools, School Based Management
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; $2 for each additional copy; orders for 100 or more copies to a single address discounted 25%).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.