ERIC Number: ED382855
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-May
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to Work. Most AFDC Training Programs Not Emphasizing Job Placement. Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Committee on Finance, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
A study obtained information on examples of county or local Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) or JOBS-like programs that emphasize job placement, subsidized employment, or work experience positions for welfare recipients. It also identified the extent to which county JOBS programs nationwide used these employment-focused activities and factors that hinder program administrators' efforts to move welfare recipients into jobs. Site visits were made to five welfare-to-work programs in California, New York, Ohio, and West Virginia that emphasized job placement activities, subsidized employment, or work experience programs. A survey was also conducted of a nationally representative random sample of 453 county JOBS program administrators in mid-1994. Programs that stressed the goal of employment for their participants and forged close links with employers showed promise in promoting work among welfare recipients. The five programs all shared that approach, although they differed in their methods. A majority of county JOBS programs across the nation did not have a strong employment focus. Most JOBS administrators cited insufficient staff as hindering their work with employers to help participants find work. They reported subsidizing employers could be more costly than other JOBS activities. A majority expressed interest in more flexible use of work experience programs. (The methodology and instrument are appended.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Basic Skills, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Job Placement, Job Training, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services, Work Experience Programs
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more to a single address: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.