ERIC Number: ED382818
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr-13
Reference Count: N/A
Difficulties of Adults in the Acquisition of Reading Skills: A Review of the Evidence.
The human cognitive system may have a developmental property that makes acquisition of fluent reading skills difficult after a certain age. This problem may be seen to affect two different populations: participants in adult literacy programs who lacked access to schools as children and educated adults fluent in languages with non-Latin scripts. The former often have high dropout rates, low achievement, and frequent relapses into illiteracy. The latter report persistent problems in becoming fluent readers: slow speed, difficulty in perceiving letters in groups, dependence on sound to understand words, high error rates, tendency to forget quickly, and difficulty in reading artistic letters. Very little quantitative research has been done on adult literacy and none on this issue; the phonological problems of neoliterates and educated foreign readers are often confounded with issues of foreign language proficiency and amount of reading practice. If there is indeed such a deficiency, it may be possible to remediate it through methods that selectively create overlearning in the deficient skills, such as the Morningside method. (A guide for interviewing foreign readers is appended to the report. Contains 66 references.) (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 13, 1995).