ERIC Number: ED382817
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Tutoring for Transfer of Technical Competence.
Gott, Sherrie P.; And Others
A project was conducted in a military training setting to test the acceleration of the development of complex, technical problem-solving skills through intentional transfer of existing knowledge and skill to novel tasks. Sherlock 2, the model devised, consisted of high quality device models using illustrative equipment diagrams from actual electronic devices; it was used for tutoring the trainees. Coaching on how it works was presented periodically throughout the tutoring sessions. Reflective follow-up included reasoning behind the expert solution and general troubleshooting principles. Partial results of an evaluation of the intelligent tutoring system showed that the tutor's learning environment is concordant with views from the acquired skill through coached apprenticeship activities. Instructional content consists of authentic problem-solving scenarios that situate trainees in realistic contexts where they can practice and hone complex diagnostic skills. Results show that the trainees' acquired expertise is generalizable to a novel equipment system. Similar generalizability was not demonstrated by a matched control group. (Contains 29 references.) (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Armstrong Lab, Brooks AFB, TX. Human Resources Directorate.