ERIC Number: ED382596
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Cooperation-Competition: An Instructional Strategy. Fastback 378.
Wynne, Edward A.
This guide presents Cooperation/Competition (C/C) as the next stage in the evolution of cooperative learning, with its unique ability to mobilize the powerful forces of intergroup and individual competition to supplement cooperative learning's teamwork. In C/C, teachers group students into homogeneous or heterogeneous learning teams, with teams competing against each other to see which can display mastery of a particular academic topic or other activity. Desired learning outcomes are reorganized so that student performance can be tested and tabulated in team and individual grades. This pamphlet explains why educators should consider combining cooperative and competitive strategies and how they use C/C to increase pupils' motivation to learn. It provides an overview of the operative principles of C/C, lists subjects treated in C/C formats, outlines strategic choices underlying C/C activities, describes planning and evaluation activities, discusses zero-sum and non-zero-sum competitions, and examines grading and motivation techniques. (JDD)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Competition, Cooperative Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, Grading, Group Activities, Higher Education, Student Evaluation, Student Motivation, Teaching Methods, Teamwork
Phi Delta Kappa, 408 N. Union, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-0789.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, Bloomington, IN.