ERIC Number: ED382248
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Feb
Orderly Thinking about a Chaotic System.
Cohen, Arthur M.
Half of all students who begin college in America--and an even higher proportion of underrepresetned minorities--matriculate at community colleges. If the bachelor's degree is a requisite for major social and economic advancement, then transfer must be an essential community college mission. Calculating the transfer rate is important as a measure of how many students are passed through a two-year college toward the baccalaureate. Until recently, transfer rates were not reported with any precision or consistency across states or institutions. In 1989, the Center for Study of the Community Colleges (CSCC) established the following definition for use in calculating a national transfer rate: all students entering the community college in a given year who have no prior college experience and who completed at least 12 college units, divided into the number of that group who take one or more classes at an in-state, public university within 4 years. National transfer rates for each year of the CSCC's Transfer Assembly were 23.7% for students entering in 1984; 23.6% for the 1985 cohort; 23.4% for the 1986 cohort; 22.6% for the 1987 cohort; 22.1% for the 1988 cohort; and 21.2% for the 1989 cohort. Differences in high school graduation, college participation, and college graduation rates by members of various ethnic groups were reflected in the transfer-rate data, which shows a 12.5% transfer rate for Black students, a 12.4% transfer rate for Hispanic students, a 23.4% transfer rate for White students, and a 23.6% transfer rate for Asian students. A variety of factors influences differences in transfer rates between states and institutions, including organizational patterns, effectiveness of transfer center staff, university admissions criteria, and a history of high transfer rates. Contains nine references. (KP)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual National Transfer and Articulation Symposium (1st, Tucson, AZ, February 24-25, 1995).