ERIC Number: ED381552
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
A Conceptual Framework for Analyzing the Costs of Alternative Assessment.
Picus, Lawrence O.
A conceptual framework is developed for analyzing the costs of alternative assessment instruments. The framework will be used in future analyses by the Center for the Study of Evaluation to determine the costs of alternative assessment programs in a number of states. It is important that a distinction be made between costs and expenditures. Costs are seen as a measure of benefits foregone to realize some outcome or benefit, and expenditures are a measure of resource flow regardless of their consequence. With this distinction in mind, the paper goes into the specifics of developing a cost analysis for alternative assessment. The first step is to identify the expenditures necessary to operate the assessment program. Since the expenditure estimate alone may not reflect total costs, other complex cost considerations must be resolved, such as the value of personnel time. Determining the value of opportunity costs will improve the quality of educational cost analyses dramatically. Two figures illustrate the discussion. (Contains 10 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.; University of Southern California, Los Angeles.