ERIC Number: ED381549
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Assessment, Testing, and Instruction: Retrospect and Prospect.
Glaser, Robert; Silver, Edward
Some of the deficiencies and abuses associated with past testing practices are reviewed, and some of the present and future possibilities for educational assessment are explored. At this time, assessment and testing in American schools are caught between the rhetoric of reform and the intransigence of long-established practices. Use of measurement of intellectual abilities for educational purposes has followed two lines of historical development: testing for selection and placement and assessment of educational outcomes. Mounting evidence of the negative consequences resulting from use of selection testing for differential placement in academic tracks calls for questioning the wisdom of such test use in schools. Assessment of school achievement has become increasingly institutionalized and separated from instruction. Ways to ensure that testing and teaching interact to work for the improvement of instruction are the focus of much current interest. New forms of assessment responsive to the needs of instruction are the goals of future test development. (Contains 94 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Improvement, Educational Practices, Educational Testing, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Selection, Standardized Tests, Student Placement, Teaching Methods, Test Construction, Test Use, Track System (Education)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, Los Angeles, CA.; Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.