ERIC Number: ED381277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jun-22
Gender Differences during Recess in Elementary Schools.
Twarek, Linda S.; George, Halley S.
A study examined the differences in what boys and girls choose, or are free to choose, to do on the playground during recess. Given the apparent problem that boys dominate the playground area, leaving girls on the perimeter, it was hypothesized that girls engage in passive, non-competitive, small group activities, whereas boys engage in aggressive, competitive, larger group activities thus making their activities traditionally gender stereotyped. Subjects were 170 third- and 232 fifth-grade children, approximately half boys and half girls in each group from two different schools in Danbury (Ohio) and Perkins (Ohio) respectively. Children completed a questionnaire that asked several questions, but only one of which was evaluated: "What is your favorite thing to do at recess?" Results indicated that the top rated activities for third-grade girls were swinging, playing ball, and teeter totter. Third-grade boys chose soccer, basketball, kickball, and swinging. Fifth-grade girls most often chose swinging, walking and talking with friends, and 4-square. Fifth-grade boys chose soccer, football, and swinging. These activities were then rated according to energy expended, competition, and group size. Analyses supported the hypothesis that girls choose passive, non-competitive, small-group activities, whereas boys choose aggressive, competitive, larger group activities. Results suggest that girls' choices were limited; boys tended to choose activities covering a wider range of choices. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A