ERIC Number: ED381247
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Dec
Early Childhood Programs: Parent Education and Income Best Predict Participation. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs and Alcoholism, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
This report examined the participation of at-risk children in preschool programs, after controlling for selected individual, family, and geographic characteristics. A multivariate statistical technique, a logistic regression, was applied to data from the 1990 Decennial Census. This allowed an analysis of the relative effects of each of the following variables on preschool participation: income, education status of most educated parent, race, immigrant status, linguistic-isolation status, employment status of parent, family type, the urbanicity of residence, and state of residence. With Head Start funds reaching less than half of the eligible 3- and 4-year-olds, children living in low-income families were 16 to 20 percent less likely to attend preschool than their middle-income counterparts, even after controlling for ethnicity, family type, immigrant status, parent education, and other family characteristics. By contrast, children in higher-income families were 25 to 50 percent more likely to go to preschool than children from middle-income families. The education level of children's parents has a large influence on participation; the higher the level of education of the parent(s), the more likely that the child would participate in preschool. The report also found that Black and Native American children were more likely than white children to attend preschool, after controlling for individual, family, and geographic characteristics. Three appendices contain the objectives, scope, and methodology of the study, data points for report figures, and General Accounting Office (GAO) contacts and staff acknowledgements. (MDM)
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Educational Attainment, Enrollment, Family Income, Individual Differences, Low Income Groups, Parent Background, Predictor Variables, Preschool Education, Racial Differences, Regional Characteristics, Social Differences, Socioeconomic Influences
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884 (first copy, free; additional copies are $2 each; 100 or more mailed to a single address discounted 25%).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A