ERIC Number: ED381235
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Improving the Quality of Primary Education in Latin America and the Caribbean: Toward the 21st Century. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 257.
Wolff, Laurence; And Others
This report reviews selected issues and progress to date in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) in improving primary education quality and provides suggestions and recommendations for the future. The report examines: (1) learning, school completion, and grade repetition in LAC; (2) the relationships between primary school inputs and outputs in LAC; (3) early childhood development; (4) textbooks and teaching materials; (5) teachers and their classroom behavior; (6) the financing of primary education; and (7) the use of information for decision making in primary education. The report notes that 29 percent of all children in LAC primary schools are repeating their grade each year, and that LAC spends $2.5 billion each year to teach some 20 million repeaters. Based on international studies of academic achievement, LAC countries do significantly worse than the developed world, and worse than many developing countries in Asia. The report emphasizes the need to focus on investments in three key areas to improve primary education quality. These are the provision of early childhood programs to the poorest and most vulnerable elements of society, the modification of teachers' classroom behavior to accommodate instructional innovation, and the provision of adequate quality and quantity of textbooks and educational materials to students. Contains 148 references. (MDM)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Classroom Techniques, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Early Childhood Education, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Government Role, National Norms, Poverty, Regional Characteristics, Socioeconomic Influences, Teacher Effectiveness, Textbooks
Distribution Unit, Office of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20433 ($10.95).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.