ERIC Number: ED381064
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar-27
A Review of the Construct of Scholarship in the Literature.
Bavaro, John A.
The traditional model used by all institutions of higher education include the three broad areas of teaching, scholarship, and service as part of faculty evaluation. This paper examines the definition of scholarship in higher education, focusing on current definitions of scholarship, administrators' perceptions about scholarship, measures of scholarship, and emerging trends in recommendations about scholarship. The traditional model of scholarship ranked teaching ahead of research and service, unlike recent practice with its emphasis on research and publication. The majority of faculty in the social sciences, however, believes in the importance of research and publication in scholarship, but feel that too much emphasis is placed on publication. Administrators have generally approved of research and publication as a method of evaluating contributions made by faculty. Measures of scholarship in recent years have centered on the quantity of articles and monographs produced by faculty members. Recent trends in the definition of scholarship have centered on the need to move beyond publication counts in the evaluation of faculty. Some researchers suggest that new definitions of scholarship should place more emphasis on teaching and service. (Contains 67 references.) (MDM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A