ERIC Number: ED381044
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
A Statistical Comparison of College Graduation of Freshman Student-Athletes before and after Proposition 48. NCAA Research Report 92-02.
Benson, Martin T., Ed.
This study compares college student-athlete graduation rates before and after implementation of National Collegiate Athletic Association Proposition 48, which reformed initial-eligibility rules for college athletes, requiring that they have achieved minimum high school grade point averages (at least 2.0 on a 4.0 scale) in core courses and minimum college entrance examination test scores (700 on the SAT or 15 on the ACT) to be eligible for college athletics during their first year. The study analyzed data covering the college careers of 3,380 student-athletes admitted to Division I schools in 1984-85 (before the reforms were implemented) and 2,435 student-athletes in a 1986 cohort. Comparison of the two cohorts found that overall graduation rates for student-athletes significantly increased between the 1984-85 and 1986 cohorts. Test scores, core-course grade point averages, and other indicators of high school academic performance also showed significant increases between 1984-85 and 1986. When high school academic performance variables were included as covariates, there remained no direct effect of cohort groups. Results are also analyzed in terms of gender and race. Overall the significant graduation-rate differences between cohorts can be considered a direct function of higher initial test scores and grade point averages. Several tables and figures displaying study data are appended. (Contains 23 references.) (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Collegiate Athletic Association, Overland Park, KS.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: National Collegiate Athletic Association Rule 48