ERIC Number: ED381043
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of College Graduation Rates of Freshman Student-Athletes before and after Proposition 48. NCAA Research Report 92-01.
Benson, Martin T., Ed.
This study uses preliminary data to compare college student-athlete graduation rates before and after the passage of National Collegiate Athletic Association Proposition 48, which took effect in 1986 to reform perceived abuses in college revenue sports. The data came from entering freshmen in 1984, 1985, and 1986. The population centered only on student-athletes for whom data have been reported for their entire career at an institution, who received athletically related aid in their first year, who were reported as being either black or white, and who were reported to be U.S. citizens. The total number in the 1984-85 combined sample was 3,383 and the total in the 1986 sample was 2,435. The results show that graduation rates increased from the 1984-85 cohort to the 1986 cohort. However, those increases were not uniform across all groups. Though the reform effort was designed to prevent abuses against students in revenue sports, the students most positively affected in terms of graduation rates were female student-athletes and male student athletes in nonrevenue sports. Revenue-sport athletes stayed the same or dropped slightly in graduation rates. Students in groups identified as partial qualifiers (less academically qualified for college) showed graduation rate increases in the current system. The data are presented in six tables and seven figures. (JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Collegiate Athletic Association, Overland Park, KS.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: National Collegiate Athletic Association Rule 48