ERIC Number: ED380916
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Social Security: Rapid Rise in Children on SSI Disability Rolls Follows New Regulations. Report to the Honorable Gerald D. Kleczka, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
In February 1990, the U.S. Supreme Court mandated in Sullivan versus Zebley that, in determining eligibility for Supplemental Security Income (SSI), the Social Security Administration expand its medical standards for assessing mental impairments in children and consider individualized functional assessments of how each child's impairment limits his/her ability to act and behave in age-appropriate ways. From 1989 to 1993, the number of children receiving SSI disability benefits more than doubled, growing from almost 300,000 to more than 770,000. Through 1992, the new functional assessment process added 87,900 children to the disability rolls who previously would have been denied benefits, accounting for about 30 percent of all awards made. Increases in the number of children awarded benefits because of mental impairments accounted for more than two-thirds of the growth in awards. Most awards to children with mental impairments go to those with mental retardation. The portion of mental awards to children with "behavior problems," such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, personality disorders, and autism/pervasive developmental disorders, has accounted for 22 percent of the awards made to children with mental impairments. An appendix describes the study's scope and methodology. (JDD)
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Children, Court Litigation, Disabilities, Eligibility, Emotional Disturbances, Evaluation Criteria, Federal Aid, Incidence, Income, Medical Evaluation
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; $2 each additional copy, accompanied by a check or money order made out to the Superintendent of Documents; 25 percent discount for 100 or more copies).
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.