ERIC Number: ED380894
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Feb
History of Teacher Pay and Incentive Reforms.
This paper examines the history of teacher compensation in the United States from the 1800s through the present. It examines the three major changes in the method of teacher pay: (1) the rural tradition of paying teachers room and board; (2) the move to a grade-based salary schedule; and (3) the shift to today's single salary schedule. It concludes with a look at more recent compensation-reform efforts, such as merit pay and career-ladder programs. The examination of the history of teacher pay shows how compensation systems have changed over time to meet changing organizational and societal needs. Although the predominant single-salary schedule is equitable, objective, and provides for predictable budgeting, it fails to hold teachers accountable for school-wide student performance. In light of changing social, economic, and educational needs, the time may be ripe for restructuring teacher compensation. Alternative compensation systems, which have worked well in the public and private sectors, include knowledge and skill-based pay, group-based performance awards, and gainsharing plans. (Contains 26 references and 48 notes.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Consortium for Policy Research in Education, Madison, WI. Finance Center.
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on Teachers Compensation of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (Washington, DC, November 2-4, 1994).