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ERIC Number: ED380850
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Feb
Pages: 38
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Hofstede's Dimensions of Culture as Measurements of Student Ethnocentrism: A Quasi-Experimental Study.
Stull, James B.; Von Till, Beth
A study measured student agreement or disagreement with statements related to G. Hofstede's dimensions of culture and compares those responses with various cultural characteristics of the respondents. A 40-item Likert-type questionnaire was administered to 535 university students (301 females, 234 males) enrolled in business and communication studies classes (Spring 1992 through Spring 1993) at San Jose State University. The questionnaire compared their responses to items reflecting Hofstede's dimensions of national culture (power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism/collectivism, and masculinity/femininity) with birthplace, number of family generations born in the United States, languages spoken, culture identified with, exposure through living in another culture, travel, and academic study of culture. Results indicated that: (1) both males and females agreed with statements representing all variables except high power distance, where both groups disagreed; (2) significant differences were found in five of the eight variables between those respondents living in the United States more than 20 years and those respondents falling into other groups; (3) significant differences were found in every category regarding birthplace; (4) those raised in the United States agreed more with individualism statements than those raised elsewhere; (5) students who spoke a language other than English at home agreed with students who did speak English at home in many statement categories; and (6) those with a course in cross-cultural relations agreed less with collectivism statements than those without such a course. Findings suggest that students appear to posses the skills necessary for survival in the corporate world. (The Von Till-Stull Attitude Survey, and 13 tables of data are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A