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ERIC Number: ED380844
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Reminiscence Activity and Increased Communication Interaction among Cognitively Disabled Elderly Women.
Krupar, Karen R.; Smith, N. Richmond
Designed as the first phase of a larger project to explore the relationships between the possible impact of reminiscence on memory deterioration in elderly women confined to nursing home environments, a study demonstrated that reminiscence activity is positively correlated with increases in communication interactions. Women were chosen as the target sample population because they comprise the largest single grouping currently residing in nursing home facilities. The methodology chosen was a one-to-one reminiscence activity between the elderly subject and a trained facilitator who had 12 years of experience as an activities director in several large nursing homes. Participants (n=12) met with a trained facilitator on three occasions over a 5-week period. Session one encouraged discussion of a favorite vacation or travel experience; session two encouraged discussion of a favorite pet or experience with animals; session three encouraged discussion of favorite dances, parties or other kinds of entertainment. In general, there was an overall increase in the amount, frequency, and length of interactions both initiated and maintained by the subjects in the study. All subjects demonstrated an increase in their willingness to interact with each other, staff members, volunteers, and relatives. For example, five of the subjects were slower to initiate interaction; they represented the most cognitively impaired, two being in the beginning stages of Alzheimer's disease. In two other cases, the increase in social activity was remarkable. Previously unwilling to leave their rooms, they eagerly sought out others and insisted on participating in programmed activities. (Contains 38 references.) (TB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A